Electric bike laws and regulations in the United States

Wednesday, September 23, 2020

With the increasing demand for electric bicycles, especially the fat bike type, It's wise to get to know the laws and regulations related to ebikes. The rules for ebikes on public roads vary from state to state, so riders need to follow the local traffic rules where they live. Some regions in the United States have yet to clarify the laws of ebikes, but here we present to you the rules in several states who have made it clear.

The federal Consumer Product Safety Act defines a "low-speed electric bicycle" as a two or three-wheeled vehicle with fully operable pedals, a top speed when powered solely by the motor under 20 mph (32 km/h), and an electric motor that produces less than 750 W. All of them have to be under both of the federal regulations and local regulations.

Below there is basic information of law for ebikes in several states in the US.

Max Speed: Maximum speed when powered solely by the motor.
Max Power: Maximum motor power, or engine size, permitted.

State Max
Helmet Min
Arizona 20 48cc No None No
California 20 750W Class 1 dependent Class dependent No
Colorado 20 750W No None No
Idaho 30 < 2 brake hp No 16 Yes
Montana 30 50cc Under 18 No
New Mexico Under 18 No
Nevada 20 750W No No
Oklahoma 20 1000W Under 16 16 No
Oregon 20 1000W Under 16 16 No
Texas 20 None No None No
Utah 20 750W No 8 (accompanied by parent/guardian),
14 (unaccompanied)
Washington 28 750W No 16, for class3 No
Wyoming 20 mph&28 mph for class3 50cc Yes

There are four classes of ebike in the United States.

Class 1: Pedal-Assist,
Class 2: Throttle on Demand,
Class 3: Speed Pedal-Assist,
Class 4: Moped or Motorcycle.


Under Arizona law, unless specifically prohibited, electric bicycles may be operated on multi-use trails designated for hiking, biking, equestrian, or other non-motorized usages, and upon paths designated for the exclusive use of bicycles. No operator's license is required, but anyone operating a bicycle on Arizona roads must carry proof of identity.


In California, ebikes are regulated like bicycles. The same rules of the road apply to both e-bikes and human-powered bicycles. Ebikes are not subject to the registration, licensing, or insurance requirements that apply to motor vehicles.


Ebike definition in Colorado follows the HR 727 National Law: 20mph (30km/h) e-power and 750W max. Legal low-powered ebikes are allowed on roads and bike lanes and prohibited from using their motors on bike and pedestrian paths unless overridden by local ordinance.


Since April 21, 2015, mopeds have been reclassified as bicycles in Montana and do not require a driver's license, therefore, you could refer to the bicycle law.


As of May 19, 2009, Nevada amended its state transportation laws to explicitly permit electric bicycles to use any "trail or pedestrian walkway" intended for use with bicycles and constructed with federal funding, and otherwise generally permits electric bicycles to be operated in cases where a regular bicycle could be.

New Mexico:

New Mexico has no specific laws concerning electric or motorized bicycles. MVD rules treat motorized bicycles the same as bicycles, requiring no registration or driver's license.


Oregon Law defines an electric-assisted bicycle as an electric motor-driven vehicle equipped with operable pedals, a seat or saddle for the rider, no more than three wheels in contact during travel. In addition, the vehicle must be equipped with an electric motor that is capable of applying a power output of no greater than 1,000 watts, and that is incapable of propelling the vehicle at a speed greater than 20 miles per hour on level ground.


In the State of Texas, electric bicycles are defined as bikes that are powered by an electric motor that has a top speed of 20 MPH on level ground. You don't need a driver's license or anything else to ride one, but you also can't drive on highways.


Utah law identifies ebikes as a traditional pedal bike that is propelled by human power and equipped with an assisting motor. ebikes are not subject to the registration, licensing, or insurance requirements that apply to motor vehicles. Ebikes are allowed on bike paths but not allowed on sidewalks.


In Washington, all classes of electric-assisted bicycles may be operated on a fully controlled limited-access highway. Class 1 and 2 electric bicycles can be used on sidewalks, but Class 3 bicycles "may not be used on a sidewalk unless there is no alternative to travel over a sidewalk as part of a bicycle or pedestrian path." Generally, a person may not operate an electric-assisted bicycle on a trail that is designated as non-motorized and that has a natural surface unless otherwise authorized.

Cyrusher eBikes

All Cyrusher ebikes comply with most of the above rules in terms of motor max power and speed, so have peace of mind when purchasing any Cyrusher ebike model. Shall you require more information please contact our amazing support team.

Why Car Manufacturers Look to Ebikes to Fight Climate Change ?

Ebikes have primarily been used for recreation and leisure up until this point. As they are viewed more as items of utility, the climate benefits are largely unknown.

Where to start when looking for an Ebike?

Most often I find folks looking first at motors. I've heard people say premium Ebikes use mid-drive motors so I need that. I’ve heard others say I want a fast bike, so I need a hub motor.

Why E-bikes Have Become so Popular During the Pandemic - Part 2

Learning to ride one of these marvels of modern technology is a breeze! If you’ve ever been on a regular bike, riding an Ebike will be like second nature

Cyrusher Extrbici XF660 Fat Tire Electric Bike Reviews

Top Amazon Reviews for Cyrusher Extrbici XF660 Fat Tire Electric Bikes

Free Shipping

Everyday ebikes SHIPPING FREE to you, we cover the cost.

Pay By Installments

Buy now pay later. 3, 6, 12 months payment plans.

1 Year Warranty

Free replacements and support for 1 year.

US Customer Support

In-house local team in the US ready to help you.

# Hit enter to search or ESC to close